”I will go to the opening of anything, including a toilet seat.” (Andy Warhol) Together with the washbasin, the toilet is the essential fixture in the bathroom. Just because it’s essential, the toilet is often chosen only for its looks. The market offers today the chance to choose a toiled based on practical, comfort and space needs. How to choose the right one? Ergonomy first. A standard toilet measures 40-45 x 55-65 cm, having height variable betweem 37 to 40 cm. In case of small bathrooms, you can choose compact models that are shorter than 45 – 50 cm and large 35 – 38 cm. The height of the toilet needs some consideration before you purchase it. For a comfortable use, the feet must touch the floor completely and the legs should be relaxed. Choose a shorter toilet that will fit the needs of all the family.
Frontal usage space for the toilet must be 75 cm allowing at least 15 cm per side. For general convenience it’s always better to install it next to the bidet because the drain tubes will use the same raceway and for the convenience of a sequential use. If placed one beside the other, toilet and bidet should take 130 – 140 cm so to have minimum functional spaces of 22 – 25 cm between a fixture and the other. When the installation along the same wall isn’t possible, the toilet has to be placed opposite the bidet allowing a 75 cm usage space between the two fixtures.
Toilets are traditionally installed on the floor. Solid and sturdy, the floor mounted toilet takes a lot of space and the floor around it is hard to clean. As an alternative, you can choose a wall hung toilet which is fixed on the wall. It is recommendable for small bathrooms because it takes little space, it enlarges the visual space and it makes it easier to clean under and around it. You have to make sure it’s mounted correctly otherwise it will start moving over time.
An essential component of the toilet is the water closet cistern which can be visible or concealed. In case of the external cistern toilets the positioning of the cistern will set the toilet differently. The cistern can close coupled behind the lid or mounted over the toilet. In case of external cisterns, the piping is visible. In vintage style toilets, the cisterns come with a chain instead of a button. External cisterns are convenient because they’re easily inspectionable and replaceable when they break down but they’re not very nice aesthetically. Close couple toilets, instead have the the cistern built in with the toilet so if it breaks down you need to change it all. The advantage is that this kind of toilet doesn’t require masonry works. The discharge mechanism is built in the cistern. The con is that these models protrude a lot from the wall so they’re not really comfortable in small bathrooms. An evolution of the close coupled toilets are the sanitary modules for toilets that allow for a fast bathroom renovation with elegant forms and designers’ surfaces that perfectly blend in whichever bathroom. Concealed toilet cisterns are the most common ones. In this case, the only visible item will be the flush plate.
Rimless toilets, instead, offer maintenance and cleaning ease and no residual dirt in the vase because of its total rinsing. The design of these vases allows for water saving since they only use 3 to 4,5 liters of water.
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